Bosnia basics

The country Bosnia and Herzegovina is relatively young, having its independence day on 1st March 1992 and constitution being signed in December 1995 (Dayton Agreement). Between these two dates Bosnia suffered from the infamous war, one of bloodiest and longest in recent European history.

Today Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is a peaceful country, happily welcoming tourists and travellers from all over the world. Its a hilly and mountainous country, with the highest mountain Maglić reaching almost 2400 meters. In the south the mountains lower down towards the sea, the country has an Adriatic coastline of 20 kilometers.

Quoting from Wikipedia: Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural beauty and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture and its festivals, some of which are the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.

Places worth visiting:

Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its multicultural and multiethnic city, known for its nearly four year long siege during the Bosnian war (1992-95) and being the host of The Winter Olympic Games in 1984. Its the home of about 450 000 Sarajevans. According to Wikipedia Lonely Planet has named Sarajevo as the 43rd best city in the world, and in December 2009 listed Sarajevo as one of the top ten cities to visit in 2010. In March 2012, Sarajevo won travel blog Foxnomad’s “Best City to Visit” competition, beating out more than one hundred cities around the entire world. Read more about Sarajevo on Wikitravel and Wikipedia, and from an article in The Guardian and in a travel blog.

Mostar

General distances to Sarajevo (within Europe)
London 2000 km
Paris 1800 km
Amsterdam 1700 km
Berlin 1400 km
Vienna 780 km
Zagreb 400 km
Budapest 550 km
Istanbul 1160 km

Currency is Bosnian Convertible Marka, generally shown as KM, officially BAM

The country has three official languages: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. English is spoken generally in Sarajevo and other cities.

Three largest religious groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina are (in this order) Muslims, Serbian Orthodox, and Roman Catholics. There is a large Jewish minority as well.

Fly to and fro:

Sarajevo

Tuzla

Banja Luka
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